Volume III, Law, Society & Organisations
Issue 6
Adriana Liuba AHCIARLIU KYRIAKIDIS
 

The Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) provides the framework for the European social model through gender equality, consumer protection, non-discrimination, environmental protection, protection of services of general interest. It also provides instruments regarding the constitutionality of the role of social interlocutors. The establishment of ex-post judicial control provides the framework for infringement intervention. The technique of lobbying intervention is the subject of the case study, which is based on a comparative method of legislation and practice at EU and Romanian levels and an empirical analysis of lobbying in Romania from a legislative point of view.

  • Published on: 5th May, 2019
  • Keywords: Ex post judicial control; Lobbying; Infringement procedure; European social model
  • Pages: 7-12
  • Received: 21th October, 2018
  • Final revision and acceptance: 3rd May, 2019
Volume III, Law, Society & Organisations
Issue 6
Daniela ROMAN
 

International regulations in the field of juvenile justice have gradually been introduced ever since the foundation of international organizations dealing with juvenile justice issues. The fight against juvenile delinquency has been the subject of regional and global research, including several states of the international association. In this context the 2nd UN Congress on Crime Prevention and Treatment of Offenders was held, at which the Report "New forms of juvenile delinquency" was presented. In this report, for the first time, materials from several states were used, which met all principles and criteria. A comparative research had been carried out in almost all regions of the globe, whose findings were disseminated on that occasion. The proposals of the general rapporteur are recent and consist in creating special jurisdictions for young adults to assign cases to young adults in juvenile courts (from 18 to 21 years old), to divide the powers of the ordinary courts of law and the courts for juveniles, taking into account the seriousness of the offense, the degree of maturity of the offender, the decision of the court to refer the case to a particular court, the choice of the court by the offenders themselves. The entrustment of the offender to the common law court can only be favorable if addressing the treatment applied by the administrative bodies dealing with minors.

  • Published on: 5th May, 2019
  • Keywords: Juvenile delinquency; Criminal sanctions; Offenses committed by minors; Juvenile offenders
  • Pages: 13-16
  • Received: 14th February, 2019
  • Final revision and acceptance: 3rd May, 2019
Volume III, Law, Society & Organisations
Issue 6
Carmen-Elena ROŞU
 

The unprecedented proliferation of antisocial phenomena in the sphere of organized crime is a source of insecurity for life social life and, equally, a real aggression against the rule of law. In contemporary society, terrorism, illicit drug trafficking and trafficking of human beings, armament, ammunition and radioactive substances are the main forms of manifestation of organized crime with unprecedented cross-border implications. Aware of the danger these categories represent and given the variety of legal systems, the states of the world have taken measures aimed at adapting a new legal framework in order to prevent some procedural imbalances. New facts regarding organized crime have incriminated in accordance with international, European, regional or bilateral treaties, conventions and agreements.

  • Published on: 5th May, 2019
  • Keywords: Drugs; International regulations; Convention; Ddrug trafficking
  • Pages: 17-20
  • Received: 14th February, 2019
  • Final revision and acceptance: 3rd May, 2019
Volume III, Law, Society & Organisations
Issue 6
Daniela ROMAN
 

The limitation of criminal liability is closely related to the promptness of the specialized bodies of the state in establishing the criminal liability and in applying the punishment corresponding to the crime. Thus, through prescription, the possibility of eliminating criminal liability was created when a period of time had elapsed since the crime was committed. The limitation of criminal liability consists in extinguishing the criminal legal report of conflict, in this case the state's right to establish the criminal liability and to apply the appropriate educational penalty / measure and, the obligation of the offender to bear the consequences of his actions, respectively.

  • Published on: 5th May, 2019
  • Keywords: Juvenile delinquency; Criminal sanctions; Offenses committed by minors; Juvenile offenders
  • Pages: 21-23
  • Received: 20th February, 2019
  • Final revision and acceptance: 3rd May, 2019