Volume III, Law, Society & Organisations
Issue 5
Marius ANDREESCU, Andra PURAN
 

The activity of some great politicians and statesmen of the time was of particular importance for the achievement of the Great Union in 1918. A remarkable personality of that time is Ion I.C. Brătianu. In this study we recall the great politician and statesman and in particular his major contribution to the adoption of the Constitution of 1923 which conferred constitutional significance to the great Union; he also contributed to the legislation adopted on the basis of the Fundamental Law from 1923 which aligned the Romanian state to the European states. The study outlines the historical context and content of the Declarations adopted in 1918 by which the Romanian provinces under foreign rule joined the Kingdom of Romania. We consider that these documents are legal and political acts of constitutional value that are important for Romanian constitutionalism.

  • Published on: 22th December, 2018
  • Keywords: Ion I.C. Bratianu and his personality, Governmental, political and diplomatic activity, Contributions to the adoption of the Constitution of 1923, Contributions to the adoption of legislation based on the Fundamental Law of 1923, Constitutional acts of the Great Union
  • Pages: 67-73
  • Received: 21th October, 2018
  • Final revision and acceptance: 20th December, 2018
Volume III, Law, Society & Organisations
Issue 5
Andreea Nicoleta CIORBARU (PÎRVULESCU)
 

Education is part of our culture, as a society and, at the same time, it is part of each of us. The degree and level of civilization and the true system value are reflected in the way in which this education activity is carried out. Both crime and education are equally old, lost in the mists of time, which represents their common feature. However, human history has proven that education can simultaneously be a criminogenic factor and an effective mechanism used in the prevention of, and fight against crime.

  • Published on: 22th December, 2018
  • Keywords: Prevention, Security, Criminological factors, Evolution, Adaptation, Education
  • Pages: 75-79
  • Received: 24th August, 2018
  • Final revision and acceptance: 20th December, 2018
Volume III, Law, Society & Organisations
Issue 5
Carmen – Elena ROȘU
 

Nowadays, given increasing crime rates, drug production and trafficking and in general trafficking and illicit drug use have serious consequences in many countries all over the world. Over the years a wide range of cooperative activities between different countries have been carried out to combat this phenomenon. In order to contend with all illegal activities related to narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances and their analogues, the elaboration of normative acts to combat and suppress this phenomenon comes as a normal and natural action and a normal defence of our society, which is so shaken by this phenomenon that sooner or later will turn into the "white death" of mankind. As a result, laws and norms have been enacted both internally and internationally to combat this phenomenon.

  • Published on: 22th December, 2018
  • Keywords: Drug trafficking, Illegal activities, Narcotic drugs, Psychotropic substances, Analogues
  • Pages: 81-85
  • Received: 6th November, 2018
  • Final revision and acceptance: 20th December, 2018
Volume III, Law, Society & Organisations
Issue 5
Daniela ROMAN
 

The theme of juvenile delinquency and its mechanisms is relevant because of the intense criminal character of this phenomenon, which seriously affects human interests; it endangers the fundamental values and norms recognized and accepted within a given community, preventing its functioning properly. Juvenile delinquency represents young people's violations and deviations from the rules of social cohabitation punishable by criminal law and is characterized by a series of distinct features that derive both from socio-economic and cultural conditions of the society and from the way the society perceives, sanctions and treats the offenses committed by minors.

  • Published on: 22th December, 2018
  • Keywords: Juvenile delinquency, Criminal sanctions, Offenses committed by minors, Juvenile offenders
  • Pages: 87-90
  • Received: 13th November, 2018
  • Final revision and acceptance: 20th December, 2018
Volume III, Law, Society & Organisations
Issue 5
Anamaria-Cristina ANDREI, Irene-Elena PAPUC
 

According to the EU Energy Poverty Observatory, at present, more than 50 million households in the European Union are experiencing energy poverty as a distinct form of poverty. Energy poverty stems from people’s poor access to energy resources and modern means of ensuring comfort in dwellings. In modern times, a decent standard of living and citizens' health have become criteria measuring the level of energy poverty in a society. The level of essential services such as adequate warmth, cooling, lighting and the energy to power appliances could provide a complete and comprehensive picture of energy poverty, thus having an indirect effect on many policy areas such as health, environment and productivity.

  • Published on: 5th November, 2018
  • Keywords: Citizen, Energy poverty, Local public polices, Vulnerable consumers
  • Pages: 91-103
  • Received: 26th September, 2018
  • Final revision and acceptance: 3rd November, 2018
Volume III, Law, Society & Organisations
Issue 5
Adriana Liuba AHCIARLIU KYRIAKIDIS
 

The lobby activity is recognized as an action to influence the political decision making process. Lobby can be analyzed from the perspective of the game theory, as a sub-topic of rational choice theory. According to Neuman and Morgenstern (1953), an analysis of a game must take into account several criteria and their interdependencies: the categories of players, their strategies, the choices made, the chosen standard of behavior with impact probabilities and the expected results. Depending on these criteria the theory describes several types of games which could be applied to the lobby. The purpose of this article is to show through a comparative analysis how lobby can be described using the criteria of this political science theory.

  • Published on: 30th December, 2018
  • Keywords: Decision making process, Game theory, Lobbying, Rational choice theory
  • Pages: 105-110
  • Received: 23th December, 2018
  • Final revision and acceptance: 28th December, 2018
Volume III, Law, Society & Organisations
Issue 4
Ana-Maria GOLDAN
 

This topic proposed for discussion in this paper requires a thorough analysis in the doctrinal, methodological and practical way, starting from the fact that the reality of nowadays confronts the theoreticians and practitioners with an essential and controversial problem, namely a scientific argumentation of the necessity and ways of limiting human rights and fundamental freedoms by invoking the common good. One of the problems that humanity has to unleash is the realization of a civil society that manages fairly and harmoniously the right, to restrict the freedom of the individual for the freedom of the fellow, to promote and respect the fundamental human rights, but at the same time, to watch the development of humanity by promoting the common good concept.

  • Published on: 7th March, 2018
  • Keywords: Common good, Fundamental rights, Limits, Social justice
  • Pages: 7-10
  • Received: 15th February, 2018
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st March, 2018
Volume III, Law, Society & Organisations
Issue 4
Petre BREZEANU, Ghiur RODICA, Silvia Paula TODOR
 

Through this article, we aim to create a multifactorial model of linear regression by which we discover the impact of the most important taxes in an economy in the economies of the countries of Southeastern Europe. We have selected South East Europe to include and Romania in the empirical analysis. So for building the model, we considered it opportune to choose the following independent variables: VAT, Excise, Income Tax. The economy as a whole was considered to be well defined by the Gross Domestic Product it produces, which is why GDP has been selected as a variable. The chosen period spans a sample of 20 years. In conclusion, this study will try to highlight how fiscal pillars, such as VAT, ACIs and income taxes, affect the GDP. In the light of the results obtained, we will try to interpret the coefficients obtained through a fiscal policy that is dominant or not at this level.

  • Published on: 11th March, 2018
  • Keywords: Tax conformity, Tax policy, Indirect taxes, Evolution, Regresion
  • Pages: 11-21
  • Received: 15th February, 2018
  • Final revision and acceptance: 8th March, 2018
Volume III, Law, Society & Organisations
Issue 4
Constantin SASU, Marius Sorin DANGA
 

The decision of an individual to vote or not and to choose one of the candidates participating in the competition on the electoral market is the result of a cumulus of factors that act directly or indirectly in this process. Most of the papers address the role of opinion formers in the process of forming the voting option by choosing one of the following two ways: (1) either the Opinion Leadership Model (Katz, 1957, Keller & Berry, 2003) (2) or Celebrity Political Endorsement (Henneberg S., Chen Y., 2007) as a primary source of information for voters, delivered to them through marketing strategies similar to those of supporting credible personalities in front of consumers, general prescriptors. The development of the model to be studied also departs from the need to unify, in a single model, the action that people with special characteristics exert on voters, in order for them to shape their voting option.

  • Published on: 12th March, 2018
  • Keywords: Electorate, Electoral Prescribers, Political Marketing, Voting Decision, Influencers, Opinion Leadership, Celebrity Endorsement
  • Pages: 23-31
  • Received: 1st April, 2018
  • Final revision and acceptance: 12th March, 2018
Volume III, Law, Society & Organisations
Issue 4
Izabella SZŐCS, Mihai-Constantin AVORNICULUI
 

The preemption right, according to its definition, could be described as a right under which a party has the first opportunity to buy an asset before it is offered to a third party. The preemption right is also called, mainly in the business field, the first refusal right. The preemption right or the right of preemption first appeared in the post-communist states after 1989, due to the liberalization of the commerce. In the Romanian legal system it was firstly mentioned in the Act 18/1991 and it was associated with the transfer of agricultural lands, where the neighboring landowners had preemption right in order to purchase each other's agricultural terrains. Later, the Civil Code of both states regulated several types of the preemption right. The scope of our article would be to analyze the doctrine referring to the nature of this right, whether it represents a right in rem, in personam or a potestative right. Different authors have distinct opinions about the problem and we would like to present the reasoning behind the various views.

  • Published on: 13th March, 2018
  • Keywords: Preemption right, Legal system, New Civil Code
  • Pages: 33-38
  • Received: 31th March, 2018
  • Final revision and acceptance: 12th March, 2018
Volume III, Law, Society & Organisations
Issue 4
Marius ANDREESCU, Andra PURAN, Claudia ANDREESCU
 

The history of philosophy and the history of legal doctrines mention and analyze the differences, often categorical, between the existence of man in his natural status and on the other hand, his existence in social status. The doctrine of the social contract is the mainstream of the thought that analyzes the existential status of man in the social environment and the natural environment by arguing, according to the author and the philosophical conception, the historical, social and juridical particularities of the natural status and social status. In our study we support the compatibility between the two existential forms of man, we identify the existential categories in which these can be defined, and emphasize the implications of these categories in realization of the act of justice.

  • Published on: 14th March, 2018
  • Keywords: Natural status, Social status, Act of justice, Legal implications
  • Pages: 39-45
  • Received: 3rd April, 2018
  • Final revision and acceptance: 8th March, 2018
Volume III, Law, Society & Organisations
Issue 4
Ionut Bogdan BERCEANU, Cristina Elena NICOLESCU
 

The paper presents the impact of applying Regulation (EC) 1370/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council on public passenger transport services by rail and by road, adopted with the goal of eliminating disparities between the transport enterprises in different Member States, on the municipal public service Regia Autonomă de Transport Bucureţti, fourth largest in size on the continent. The assumption of the paper is that the coordinates of ensuring high-quality passengers transport services by means of regulated competition, imposed by this Regulation, outline a “new framework-model” for the manner of organizing and functioning of operators in this field.

  • Published on: 10th June, 2018
  • Keywords: Regulation (EC) no. 1370/2007, Local public administration, Urban public transport services, Bucharest
  • Pages: 47-58
  • Received: 25th April, 2018
  • Final revision and acceptance: 5th June, 2018