Volume III, Law, Society & Organisations
Issue 4
Ana-Maria GOLDAN
 

This topic proposed for discussion in this paper requires a thorough analysis in the doctrinal, methodological and practical way, starting from the fact that the reality of nowadays confronts the theoreticians and practitioners with an essential and controversial problem, namely a scientific argumentation of the necessity and ways of limiting human rights and fundamental freedoms by invoking the common good. One of the problems that humanity has to unleash is the realization of a civil society that manages fairly and harmoniously the right, to restrict the freedom of the individual for the freedom of the fellow, to promote and respect the fundamental human rights, but at the same time, to watch the development of humanity by promoting the common good concept.

  • Published on: 7th March, 2018
  • Keywords: Common good, Fundamental rights, Limits, Social justice
  • Pages: 7-10
  • Received: 15th February, 2018
  • Final revision and acceptance: 1st March, 2018
Volume III, Law, Society & Organisations
Issue 4
Petre BREZEANU, Ghiur RODICA, Silvia Paula TODOR
 

Through this article, we aim to create a multifactorial model of linear regression by which we discover the impact of the most important taxes in an economy in the economies of the countries of Southeastern Europe. We have selected South East Europe to include and Romania in the empirical analysis. So for building the model, we considered it opportune to choose the following independent variables: VAT, Excise, Income Tax. The economy as a whole was considered to be well defined by the Gross Domestic Product it produces, which is why GDP has been selected as a variable. The chosen period spans a sample of 20 years. In conclusion, this study will try to highlight how fiscal pillars, such as VAT, ACIs and income taxes, affect the GDP. In the light of the results obtained, we will try to interpret the coefficients obtained through a fiscal policy that is dominant or not at this level.

  • Published on: 11th March, 2018
  • Keywords: Tax conformity, Tax policy, Indirect taxes, Evolution, Regresion
  • Pages: 11-21
  • Received: 15th February, 2018
  • Final revision and acceptance: 8th March, 2018
Volume III, Law, Society & Organisations
Issue 4
Constantin SASU, Marius Sorin DANGA
 

The decision of an individual to vote or not and to choose one of the candidates participating in the competition on the electoral market is the result of a cumulus of factors that act directly or indirectly in this process. Most of the papers address the role of opinion formers in the process of forming the voting option by choosing one of the following two ways: (1) either the Opinion Leadership Model (Katz, 1957, Keller & Berry, 2003) (2) or Celebrity Political Endorsement (Henneberg S., Chen Y., 2007) as a primary source of information for voters, delivered to them through marketing strategies similar to those of supporting credible personalities in front of consumers, general prescriptors. The development of the model to be studied also departs from the need to unify, in a single model, the action that people with special characteristics exert on voters, in order for them to shape their voting option.

  • Published on: 12th March, 2018
  • Keywords: Electorate, Electoral Prescribers, Political Marketing, Voting Decision, Influencers, Opinion Leadership, Celebrity Endorsement
  • Pages: 23-31
  • Received: 1st April, 2018
  • Final revision and acceptance: 12th March, 2018
Volume III, Law, Society & Organisations
Issue 4
Izabella SZŐCS, Mihai-Constantin AVORNICULUI
 

The preemption right, according to its definition, could be described as a right under which a party has the first opportunity to buy an asset before it is offered to a third party. The preemption right is also called, mainly in the business field, the first refusal right. The preemption right or the right of preemption first appeared in the post-communist states after 1989, due to the liberalization of the commerce. In the Romanian legal system it was firstly mentioned in the Act 18/1991 and it was associated with the transfer of agricultural lands, where the neighboring landowners had preemption right in order to purchase each other's agricultural terrains. Later, the Civil Code of both states regulated several types of the preemption right. The scope of our article would be to analyze the doctrine referring to the nature of this right, whether it represents a right in rem, in personam or a potestative right. Different authors have distinct opinions about the problem and we would like to present the reasoning behind the various views.

  • Published on: 13th March, 2018
  • Keywords: Preemption right, Legal system, New Civil Code
  • Pages: 33-38
  • Received: 31th March, 2018
  • Final revision and acceptance: 12th March, 2018
Volume III, Law, Society & Organisations
Issue 4
Marius ANDREESCU, Andra PURAN, Claudia ANDREESCU
 

The history of philosophy and the history of legal doctrines mention and analyze the differences, often categorical, between the existence of man in his natural status and on the other hand, his existence in social status. The doctrine of the social contract is the mainstream of the thought that analyzes the existential status of man in the social environment and the natural environment by arguing, according to the author and the philosophical conception, the historical, social and juridical particularities of the natural status and social status. In our study we support the compatibility between the two existential forms of man, we identify the existential categories in which these can be defined, and emphasize the implications of these categories in realization of the act of justice.

  • Published on: 14th March, 2018
  • Keywords: Natural status, Social status, Act of justice, Legal implications
  • Pages: 39-45
  • Received: 3rd April, 2018
  • Final revision and acceptance: 8th March, 2018